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Yet, for many who have served as Worshipful Master, that year In the East was a trying and frustrating experience. "One crisis after another;" "The Lodge wouldn't respond to me;" "I had to do everything myself;" "I had good ideas which the Lodge just didn't listen to"--I'm sure there are other, equally discouraging, comments that almost every Master Mason has heard from those who have served as Worshipful Master.
This article aims at providing a brief overview of some considerations that (hopefully) will help you in your upcoming tour of duty In the East in your Masonic Lodge. Included are suggestions, both mine, and those of seventeen (17) other Past Masters, who responded to my request on the Internet Freemasonry List for input, on helping an incoming Worshipful Master both enjoy his year In the East, and perform creditable service to his Lodge in the position of Worshipful Master.
I wanted input on this topic, aside from my own ideas, for a very compelling reason, perhaps best illustrated by:
The Blind Men and the Elephant It was six men of Indostan To learning much inclined, Who went to see the elephant (Though all of them were blind), That each by observation Might satisfy his mind. The First approached the elephant, And, happening to fall Against his broad and sturdy side, At once began to bawl: "God bless me! but the elephant Is nothing but a wall!" The Second, feeling of the tusk, Cried: "Ho! what have we here So very round and smooth and sharp? To me 'tis mighty clear This wonder of an elephant Is very like a spear!" The Third approached the animal, And, happening to take The squirming trunk within his hands, Thus boldly up and spake: "I see," quoth he, "The elephant Is very like a snake!" The Fourth reached out his eager hand, And felt about the knee: "What most this wondrous beast is like Is mighty plain," quoth he; "'Tis clear enough the elephant Is very like a tree!" The Fifth, who chanced to touch the ear, Said: "E'en the blindest man Can tell what this resembles most; Deny the fact who can, This marvel of an elephant Is very like a fan!" The Sixth no sooner had begun About the beast to grope, Than, seizing on the swinging tail That fell within his scope, "I see," quoth he, "The elephant Is very like a rope!" And so these men of Indostan Disputed loud and long, Each in his own opinion Exceeding swift and strong, Though each was partly in the right, And all were in the wrong! So, oft in theologic wars The disputants, I ween Rail on in utter ignorance Of what each other mean, And prate about an elephant Not one of them has seen! --John Godfrey SaxeObtaining or following ideas from only one Past Master, or other source, limits and narrows your focus, and leaves you lacking the broad perspective that the position of Worshipful Master demands. Obtain counsel from as many Past Masters, both in your Lodge and other Lodges, as you can. You won't like all of their ideas; and, not all of their ideas will work for you. But, your progress through the Officers' Line should have given you some insights and instincts for the position of Worshipful Master. You should have no trouble separating the wheat from the chaff in evaluating the advice and counsel of those who have gone before you In the East--especially in your Lodge.
No such list or group of suggestions as this can be complete or all-encompassing, and no list or group will help you deal with all that you may confront as Worshipful Master of your Lodge. But, I hope that the materials you will find below will provide you a good foundation, on which you can build a successful year In the East.
"To become the model Master of a Lodge should be the ambition of every brother; and to discharge with efficiency and zeal the duties of that office should be his most anxious desire.These eloquent words were written by William Mercer Wilson, the first GM of the Grand Lodge of Canada, about 130 years ago, and posted earlier by Br. Jim Bennie.
"These duties are not confined to the mere repetition of a few phrases learned by rote, but he should be able to instruct the Craft, not only as to the meaning and origin of our ceremonies, but also to explain to them the philosophy which is veiled in its allegories and illustrated by its symbols.
"He should be able, also, to convince his brethren, that all science and all art, legitimately directed, are but lines that radiate toward the great 'I AM'; that the sciences are the media by which we are led to contemplate the goodness, greatness, wisdom and power of the Great Architect of the Universe; and that the arts are the modes we have developed of expressing our sense and admiration of the wondrous glories of an Almighty Father which are scattered around us.
"The Master of a Lodge should also, in his life and in his conversation, be a model for his brethren to admire and imitate, and should himself practise, out of the Lodge, those great moral doctrines and virtues which he inculcates within its walls. He should be punctual and methodical in all things and, both by his character and conduct, command the respect, the esteem and the good-will of all men; for as the Master is supreme in his Lodge and distinguished by his position in the Craft, so should he also be distinguished as the possessor of an irreproachable character, a dignified demeanour, an expanded intellect, and a liberal education.
"...The Worshipful Master who presides over his Lodge with ability, firmness and decision (for without force of character, there can be no force of expression); whose manner is courteous yet dignified; whose decisions are consonant with reason and Masonic law; and who dispenses light and information among the Craft, will ever be regarded by his brethren as one who is entitled to their highest respect and most fraternal regard."
(I have found no better description of what a Worshipful Master's aspirations should be upon ascending to the Throne of Solomon than Br. Mercer's words.)
Another source (Anderson's Book of Constitutions) says that the Worshipful Master should be "of good morals, of great skill, true and trusty, and a lover of the whole Fraternity, wheresoever dispersed over the face of the earth." And, on such recommendation, it was expected that he would "discharge the duties of the office with fidelity."
If this is too esoteric for you, and you want a "nuts and bolts" description of the position, here's an outline of a speech made in 1941 by PM in British Columbia, to a Lodge there, posted by Br. Frank Kendrick:
My sense is that far more WMs who do their Lodges disservice by inaction rather than by poor action; by simply trying to "get through their year," rather than by trying to "do something" In the East.
Ask yourself, for starters: What ideas do you have for the Lodge? What do you want to accomplish? How do you want your year as Worshipful Master to be remembered? [I'll have more questions for you to ask yourself, and more for you to think about, later.]
And, do not wait for the position of Worshipful Master to come to you--it won't. TAKE the position. Within some fairly broad parameters, in most jurisdictions, you can largely define the position of Worshipful Master during your year In the East. Those who have gone before you In the East have in fact defined the position during their respective years. It has been defined in different ways by different Worshipful Masters.
With each succeeding Master having additional years of service performed by other Past Masters, and additional ideas used by other Past Masters, to review and draw on, the performance of each succeeding Master, in each Lodge, should be better and better in the position. Note that I said "should be." In fact, we all know it does not happen that way.
Look back on the years of those who have served previously as WM of your Lodge. Some had good years; some had bad years; some had indifferent years.
What makes a WM's year good, bad, or indifferent?
That is the big question, I think. If I had a perfect answer to that question, I'd turn cartwheels. But, I don't.
However, some general factors HEAVILY influence the answer to this question:
Why is that? Why isn't the position more clearly defined? Why isn't there something, somewhere, that tells a Worshipful Master what he needs to do to have a good year In the East?
The answer to these questions is something alluded to above, and which will not be obvious to you, AND which you MAY need to "be there to know."
What didn't immediately dawn on me--and it took about a month of being In the East to realize this--is that the WM has tremendous powers in a Masonic Lodge. Unless the WM does something so outrageous that it prompts an appeal to Grand Lodge by a disgruntled Brother or group of Brothers, nothing the WM does can be effectively challenged. And, those appeals are very rare.
That doesn't mean, of course, that you should let the powers of the position go to your head. That wouldn't be healthy or constructive. But, when I began to realize the scope of my powers as WM, I began to take initiatives that I thought would be in the best interests of the Lodge. While I sought, and listened to, advice from PMs, and others, I made my own decisions.
You should, too. The Brothers of your Lodge will elect you to the position of Worshipful Master with the expectation that you will lead the Lodge during your year In the East. They will not expect--and almost certainly will not appreciate--your deferring critical decisions to others, be it a Lodge Secretary, or a Past Master, or a group of Past Masters.
Making those decisions is no small task! While your instincts will be of some help to you, gained through progress through the Officers' Line, you doubtless will benefit from some more "formalized" insight into the decision process. Several written resources are available to you, both as to making these decisions, and with respect to ideas for your term as Worshipful Master. They are discussed in the next section.
I want to make Jackson Lodge a better place to be associated with (to be a member of); a better place for its Brothers and families to spend time (attending meetings and special events and banquets); and, a better Community asset; and, I want to try to showcase these achievements in a TrestleBoard that will be the best one published by any Indiana Lodge.Once you have formulated a mission statement for your year In the East with which you are comfortable, it will make the remainder of your task in defining your year MUCH easier! Indeed, the mission statement for your year In the East is arguably the most important Working Tool you will have as a Worshipful Master-- because it will tell you, to a very large extent, how to use the other Working Tools that are available to you.
[You didn't realize that being Worshipful Master involved creating a mission statement? Neither did I, going in. I wish someone had told me! I stumbled onto the concept of a mission statement almost by accident; but, was glad I did. Essentially, your mission statement should answer the question, "What do you want to do, as Worshipful Master, during your year In the East?" That answer should be a single sentence (although I will admit that I compounded my single-sentence mission statement). A detailed discussion of mission statements is far beyond the scope of this article, but several recently-published books describe the process of creating a mission statement. I liked Laurie Beth Jones's book, "The Path," and found it quite readable.]Some of the other Working Tools that you will have available to you as Worshipful Master will be obvious to you--the written resources set out above; and, the Past Masters of your Lodge, for example. Let me go next, though, to one that may not be obvious to you: your Lodge newsletter, or TrestleBoard.
You probably haven't thought about your Lodge TrestleBoard in the least. Let me tell you why I think that is a mistake. For starters, try thinking of each issue of the TrestleBoard during your year as WM an opportunity to get your program across to the Brothers of the Lodge. From there, try thinking of each issue of the TrestleBoard as an opportunity to advance the stature of the Lodge, the Fraternity, and even the Community, during your year as WM. Next, try imagining the appreciation the Brothers, the ladies, and the widows of the Lodge for the insights and entertainment items you can include in the TrestleBoard.
The TrestleBoard is the "public face" of the Lodge. It will be seen in the homes of every Brother by his non-Masonic friends; and, if it is picked up by them, and glanced at, will make a significant impression on them--positive or negative--and likely will influence their views of the Lodge and what it's about.
Use the TrestleBoard. Express your opinions; stimulate discussion among the Brothers; educate the Brothers; set out your mission statement; state your goals and aims as WM; encourage the Brothers to get active or stay active in Lodge affairs. The TrestleBoard is a tremendously powerful tool for you, as Worshipful Master, to make almost any constructive use of that you see fit. Most of the time, and with most Worshipful Masters, that tool is wasted. There is almost no limit to what you, as Worshipful Master, can do with the TrestleBoard of your Lodge! And, a bonus: Unlike some of the other Working Tools of a Worshipful Master (those Past Masters, again, for example), the TrestleBoard is completely flexible--it will not resist your use of it at all; and, it will not try to use you!
Written materials from others constitute another Working Tool for the Worshipful Master. I found Carl Claudy's "The Master's Book," especially helpful, although it is a bit dated. Other helpful works would include PGM Dwight L. Smith's collections, "Whither Are We Traveling?," "Why This Confusion in the Temple?;" and, "Look Well" (written from the perspective of a Past Master providing a series of letters to a Senior Warden throughout his year as SW, designed to help him prepare for the position of Worshipful Master). Further, "Macoy's Worshipful Master's Assistant," rev. by the late Allen E. Roberts, contains valuable insight into the prerogatives and duties of the Worshipful Master, and other resource material. The Masonic Service Association, 8120 Fenton St., Silver Springs, MD 20910-4785, publishes numerous materials that will be of use to you. The Philalethes Society, Drawer 70, Highland Springs, VA 23075-0070, publishes a quarterly magazine which I think would be highly beneficial to an incoming Worshipful Master, although I was unaware of it until after leaving the position of Worshipful Master; and, sponsors a Masonic Leadership course. Your Grand Lodge, in addition, may have a Masonic Leadership course or a Wardens' Retreat that will provide insight to you.
Here are two additional Working Tools for a Worshipful Master that may not occur to you: Your computer, and the Internet. The larger and more active your Lodge is, the more use you will want to--and need to--make of a computer. At a minimum, the computer can help you keep track of Lodge events--I used the computer as my only calendaring tool during my year as Worshipful Master, determining to keep no paper calendar at all. From there, the computer can be used to help you keep notes of meetings, special events, and the like. It is invaluable as a Working Tool for a Worshipful Master. I did all my letters as Worshipful Master on computer, prepared reports to the Lodge on computer, and kept program notes on computer. Additionally, I appointed myself Chairman of the Lodge Publications Committee, and edited the Lodge TrestleBoard on computer. Let me summarize the importance of this Working Tool by stating simply: I do not think I could have functioned effectively as a Worshipful Master without a computer.
Also, with the computer can come access to the Internet. I obtained Internet access shortly after being installed as Worshipful Master. I find the Internet one of the most important technological innovations since the invention of the printing press--and, in time, its utility to mankind may surpass that of the printing press. It is too early to make that call, but its potential for doing that is clear, at least to me. Numerous newsgroups and web sites pertaining to Masonry exist, and others are being created. They provide insight, ideas, (usually) constructive criticism, and valuable information on almost any Masonic topic imaginable. Many Grand Lodges, and quite a few local Lodges, have web sites on the World Wide Web; many of these provide links to other Masonic sites. Explore the Internet well in advance of your installation as Worshipful Master! You should have no trouble locating sites that interest you, and with which you are comfortable. You should avoid the temptation to spread yourself too think on the Internet, and this valuable Working Tool lends itself to that temptation!
I have mentioned the Past Masters of the Lodge already. They are an obvious, and quite valuable, Working Tool of the Worshipful Master. Almost all of the Past Masters who responded to my request for input mentioned the availability and willingness of the Past Masters to help you have a good year In the East. Your progress through the Officers' Line, and your familiarity with each of the Past Masters of your Lodge, should suggest to you which Past Masters can be most helpful with particular projects or programs, which Past Masters can be most informative with respect to ritual or Degree work questions, which Past Masters have the time necessary to commit to specific tasks, and most other questions which will come up with respect to obtaining assistance, guidance, or advice from the Past Masters. One contributor referred to the Past Masters as the real "ancient Landmarks" of the Lodge. Some of these ancient Landmarks, in some Lodges, have a tendency to forget that they are no longer In the East. Your use of Past Masters as Working Tools must be tempered with the realization that the Past Masters have minds of their own; and, that, on occasion, it may be necessary to gently remind them of who is In the East. (Ever so gently!--Your year In the East will be a struggle, and your Lodge will suffer, if you do not have the cooperation and support of these Working Tools.)
Programs, projects, and banquets constitute another class of Working Tools for the Worshipful Master. The magnitude and scope of these will necessarily vary with the size, location, and resources of your Lodge. However, if you believe your Lodge is not capable of doing much along these lines, you will never know until you try! Also, consider joining with other area Lodges in cooperative programs, banquets, and activities. Pooling resources and talent can have a synergistic effect which may surprise you. You probably are better suited than any article writer to judge what programs and activities will interest your Lodge Brothers; here are just a few of the suggestions from some of the contributors which worked for them in their Lodges:
The Brothers of the Lodge are a vital Working Tool for the Worshipful Master; they are the reason for his existence and for his holding the position of Worshipful Master. They will elect you to the position because they have confidence in you and will want you to succeed in the position. They (most of them) will be willing to help you in any way you need. Be reasonable and prudent in your requests to them; be specific in what you ask them to do; and, be appreciative when they do it.
I have tried to mention the most helpful Working Tools which occur to me, and which were suggested by other contributors. Still other Working Tools may be available to you--a District Deputy Grand Master, a Lodge Development Representative, or some other representative from your Grand Lodge, for example. Use any Working Tool that you believe will help you fashion a good, successful year In the East constructively!
'Why are you here, Tom?' They want to know. 'What can we expect from you? A year of zealous, inspired leadership? Twelve months of casual, half-hearted coasting? An apologetic year in which everyone governs the Lodge except the Brother who was elected to do so? Or are we just giving you the opportunity to get your name on the list of Past Masters?'A list of specific advice and suggestions for you, once you have assumed the position, would likely be virtually endless, and no such comprehensive or all-inclusive list is possible in an article of limited scope, such as this. I will include, in the next section, some of the specific advice and suggestions received from other contributors. But, here are five general pointers which you would do well to remember and practice:
I am the I[mmediate] P[ast] M[aster] of Jackson #146. I had a very good, very helpful, group of PMs from which to draw talent, help, and (when needed and asked for) advice. At no time did I feel that any PM was trying to 'run the show' from the sideline. At no time did I feel that my toes were being 'stepped on' in the East. This was my feeling in spite of the fact that we have some pretty opinionated PMs who, I am sure, would have done things quite differently from the way I did them.
I set out to ambitiously expand our TrestleBoard; I set out to initiate a series of banquets and special events to try to draw Brothers and their families back to Lodge functions; I set out, as much as anything, to try to show the Brothers at Jackson #146 that there was more than one way to fill the East in a Masonic Lodge.
The problem, though, that I think ambitious and progressive Masters will encounter in almost any Lodge is that there is no way to ensure continuity of direction. Perhaps this is as it should be; no Master should try to tie the hands of those who come after him. The best he can hope for, as I see it, looking back at the East, is that, by his example and direction, he can show those following him a path that worked for him.
The man who sits in the East in any Lodge, in any year, will bring his own strengths and weaknesses to that position. It is up to him to 'play to his strengths;' the PMs are there to help him deal with and overcome his weaknesses--or, at least, to see to it that those weaknesses do not interfere with his year as Master, or cause lasting problems for the Lodge.
But, the Master needs to run the Lodge. I found that, with a definite sense of direction and purpose, and with a mission statement set out early in my year, I got good support from almost all the Brothers in the Lodge, and from all the PMs whom I approached for assistance. (By the same token, I suspect that a Master who tries to simply fill the chair, with no program, with no ideas, and with no purpose other than putting in time, will have problems. Those problems, in my opinion, are of his own making.)
The Master of a Masonic Lodge has tremendous powers. Used for the benefit of the Lodge, and with a definite purpose and program, those powers enhance the Lodge and the sense of belonging that all Brothers should feel. Misused, or not used, those powers are simply wasted--and the Brothers are left feeling that they are being dictated to, or are without a sense of direction. Either way, the Brothers, and the Lodge, lose.
[My heartfelt thanks to the contributors whose insights made this article much easier to write, and much more complete than it otherwise would have been. The shortcomings, omissions, and errors, are mine.--SKR
[Contributors: Greg Glur, Jim Bennie, Kenneth Gibala, Irving Anderson, Frank Kendrick, Thomas Coberly, Ray Grodnicki, Ted Crombie, Leonard Jones, Dan Doron, Buzz Grabo, Glen Epperson (with special thanks for his observations on how to deal with and treat the Secretary), Bob Moore, George Skelton, Andrew Mann, William Milz, and Tom Valente. The contributors are from a wide array of geographic locations, having served Lodges in Montana, Wisconsin, British Columbia, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Texas, Israel, New Hampshire, Colorado, District of Columbia, North Dakota, and other locations which I was unable to identify.]