Worshipful Master David "Dave" Reagan - Secretary & Editor John "Corky" Daut
The March 2010 Issue
It’s Happening At Waller Lodge
The February stated meeting was a big success, with 20 Master Masons and 2 Entered Apprentices present including 7 visitors present. Seventeen brothers were Past Masters.
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DDGM, Right Worshipful "Bob" Podvin was received in due and ancient form for his official visit. After the Lodge business was finished he made a very informative talk on the ideas and plans of the new Grand Master..
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The Lodge gave a big thanks to Past Master Calvin Trapp and wife Shirley for preparing the meal for the stated meeting in the absences of the Steward.
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Brother Aubrey Chudleagh received his Fifty Year pin and Certificate this past February.
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The ladies were very proud to be greeted with a new anteroom in front of the rest room doors when they arrived at the Valentine party
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The Lodge received a thank you card and family picture for the help we were able to give to a brother in distress last month.
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We had a very good Entered Apprentice Degree in February.
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SICKNESS AND DISTRESS
Please say a prayer for,
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Brother "Wes" Mersiovsky was absent from the stated meeting, as he was taking his sister to get treatment for cancer
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Universal Fraternity Lodge No. 149 – Their Strength is in Prayer
Connecticut may seem a long way from Haiti, both geographically and culturally, but five years ago, members of the Haitian community requested permission to form a lodge. After a year under dispensation, during which they had to learn the very different Connecticut workings, they were chartered as Universal Fraternity Lodge No. 149 in 2006.The following article was originally written by RW Carl Ek for The Connecticut Freemason
Universal Fraternity Lodge No. 149 – Their Strength is in Prayer
by Carl G. Ek
The sound of singing could be heard in the anteroom as the lodge opened. The brothers again joined in song as a delegation from the Grand Lodge was received, in French, of course, as this is the native language of so many of the brothers of Universal Fraternity
Lodge No. 149.Yet the music lacked the joy usually associated with the brothers of this lodge. The songs were acapella, with the organist away, dealing with personal issues. Pro-tem officers filled the West and the secretary’s chair. And while the room was well filled, the majority of brothers were almost certainly visitors.
Recently installed Worshipful Master Leslie St. Victor welcomed his visitors – RW’s Deputy Grand Master Charles A. Buck, Jr., Grand Senior Warden James T. McWain, and Grand Senior Deacon Simon R. LaPlace, plus a number of past and present District Deputies and Associate Grand Marshals. All were present to bring early support to brothers just beginning to learn the horrors of Haiti’s earthquake. Universal Fraternity Lodge No. 149, Stratford, was chartered at the Grand Lodge of 2006, but nearly all of its charter members were made Masons in their native Haiti. These good brothers bring traditions of their homeland to their new Grand Lodge, making a positive impression on those who have had the pleasure to visit their communications and celebrations.
In Haiti, it was clear there was nothing to celebrate. The poorest country in the western hemisphere, Haiti has been described as a country lacking food, clean water, medical facilities, infrastructure, or even a working government – and this was before the earthquake. On January 16, less than a week after the quake, even factual information was hard to come by.
WM St. Victor emotionally filled in some of the facts that were known concerning “the inexplicable calamity of the island of Haiti” as it affected members of his lodge. His mom was uninjured, and he was planning to go to Haiti to bring her back to Connecticut. His father-in-law had lived for a half century in Brooklyn, New York before deciding to return to his homeland. His home was flattened; his own 98 year-old mother and an infant survived, but he did not. Bro. Leslie knew of at least six of his relatives who had been taken by the quake and its aftershocks..
The sister of one brother worked for the Archdiocese of Haiti. She died in the collapse of the cathedral, as did the Archbishop. Another brother had seven relatives – including his father and father-in-law – living in the same house. What was left of the structure had been shown several times on television news, but he could get no information about his family. All that he was told was that there were “bad smells” coming from the flattened dwelling.
The Master said that he and his brothers were, as best, coping, “not understanding why, not understanding how, not understanding how much their poor little country would have to suffer.” Against that backdrop, all present took part in a program of hope. “We pray for those who survive,” said WM St. Victor, who asked all present to “learn from the devastation how merciful can be the Almighty.”
Noting that “there is strength in prayer,” the Master led the group in the reading of several psalms, some familiar, others less so. “The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want… He restoreth my soul… Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.” (Psalm 23:1,3 4) “I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?” (Psalm 42:9) “Have mercy upon me, O God…” (Psalm 51) “Make haste, O God, to deliver me; make haste to help me, O Lord… But I am poor and needy: make haste unto me, O God: thou art my help and my deliverer; O Lord, make no tarrying.” (Psalm 70:1,5) “Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee? Shew us thy mercy, O Lord, and grant us thy salvation.” (Psalm 85:7) The readings were concluded by the singing of the “Haitian Faith Battle Song,” en Francais, certainment.
A number of visiting brothers stepped forward as early responders to MW Arthur H. Carlstrom’s request that Connecticut brothers wishing to help in Haitian relief send checks to he Universal Fraternity Lodge Relief Fund. Worshipful Master Tony Foote of Corinthian Lodge No. 104, Stamford, presented a check for $1,000, and RW Steven Bowen delivered a Temple Lodge No. 65 check for $2,120. Bro. Chris Buck, Senior Warden of Ansantawae Lodge No. 89, Milford, delivered the proceeds of a collection taken the night before at his lodge. He was startled to find exactly $149 in cash donations.
Several brothers mentioned gifts to other relief agencies, while a number noted that they have not yet met but would be making donations as soon as their lodges opened. In total, over $5,500 had already been donated by lodges and brothers present in the 5 days after the initial earthquake, with promises of far more in the upcoming days.
RW Deputy Grand Master Charles A. Buck, Jr. noted his sorrow that his first visit to Universal Fraternity Lodge was under such circumstances. He noted that Freemasons around the state share these brothers’ pain, and will do all they can to lessen it.
Worshipful Master Leslie St. Victor was eloquent in his sadness. “We are asking for prayer. We will be whole again. Please pray for us.” And, as he said quietly to one of the brothers in the Grand Lodge suite as they met in the East, “We’ll be all right. We’ll be all right.”
257th Anniversary of George Washington's Initiation as a Freemason
On November 4th, 1752, a twenty-year-old young man named George Washington became an Entered Apprentice at the Lodge of Fredericksburg, in the British colony of Virginia. (This lodge still exists today as Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4 in the Grand Lodge of Virginia AF&AM.) My friend and our Brother Christopher Hodapp has a fascinating description of George Washington's initiation in Chapter 1 of his 2007 book, Solomon's Builders (Berkeley, CA: Ulysses Press), which I highly recommend
Let's think for a few moments about the Freemasonry that George Washington entered, back in 1752.
At this time, Virginia was an intensely agricultural area with its population scattered throughout the colony. We have almost no Masonic records from this era in Virginia. As Coil puts it, summarizing the little that we know:
The first lodge in Virginia of which there is a reliable account is the lodge at Fredericksburg, in which George Washington was made a Mason, Nov. 4, 1752, and was passed and raised the following year. This lodge is also famous by reason of the fact that its minutes for Dec. 22, 1753 contain the earliest extant entry [that is, anywhere in the world] recording the working of the Royal Arch Degree. The lodge evidently worked under immemorial right prior to the time it received its warrant from Scotland, July, 21, 1758. (Coil's Masonic Encyclopedia, rev. ed., 1995, pp. 666-667)
Lodge records indicate that George Washington was Entered on November 4, 1752, Passed on March 3, 1753, and Raised on August 4, 1753 (Coil's, p. 677). From these few facts, we can observe the following about the Freemasonry that George Washington entered:
· Washington's initiation occurred a mere 35 years after the formation of the first Grand Lodge, in London in 1717. (There would have been men still alive who had been involved at that event in London, although it is doubtful that Washington would have met any of them; other than a single trip to Barbados, Washington never left North America.) The Hiramic legend and the legends of the Craft degrees gave a mythic antiquity to Masonry, but there was little or nothing in the way of real-life protocol, precedent, or direction from Grand Lodge for the Brethren to fall back on. They had to figure things out as they came up. Given that the Fredericksburg Lodge has lasted for over two and a half centuries, I'd say that they've done pretty well for themselves.
· A fair amount of time passed between Washington's degrees, 4 months between the EA and the FC, and 5 months between the FC and the MM degrees. The amount of time required didn't seem to hurt him any.
· There was an interest, even at this very early date, in the 'high degrees' that go beyond the Craft degrees.
· There was little or nothing in the way of "famous Masons" at the time. Somehow, men were attracted to the Fraternity itself, rather than to its glorious history--a history that was just beginning at this time.
Washington himself was really something of a nobody at the time of his initiation: the oldest surviving son of a landowning family, yes, but poorly educated. He was just beginning his military career. He would gain notice the very year he was Raised during a dangerous mission as a messenger to an important Native American chief in the run-up to the French and Indian War; during that conflict, he distinguished himself on several occasions. (The photo shows a 1772 painting of Washington as a British officer--a bit of a jarring image, I know.)
Biographers have lined the shelves with works on Washington (for example, Joseph J. Ellis' His Excellency: George Washington, New York: Knopf, 2008). They are in agreement that Washington was an excellent leader in difficult circumstances, beginning with that early dangerous mission, continuing through the brutal French & Indian War, then the hard slog of the Revolutionary War, then the establishment of a stable American government and useful Constitution.
Can Masonry take any credit for that? Certainly nothing can be established at this late date. Ellis' biography, for all its merits, shares the typical fault of historians who silently pass over Washington's Masonic association and activities. However, I find it highly suggestive that when Washington did comment upon Freemasonry, he was unfailingly positive about the Fraternity. In addition, when it came time to lay the foundation of the United States Capitol--the symbol and landmark of American democracy, for which he had risked his life and limb and fortune for many years--Washington did so in Masonic regalia, and with Masonic ceremony. Surely this was not a casual choice.
So, this great American leader was a Mason. His Masonry involved months between receiving his degrees. The Masonry of his era required lodges to be resourceful in solving their own problems and challenges. Even then, there was an interest in the high degrees of Masonry. The attraction to the Fraternity was its principles, precepts, and ritual--in a word, its secrets--not its famous members or actual history; there was precious little of either of those latter items.
Food for thought, brethren--food for thought.
California Masons Team Up With Sacramento Catholic School
By Bob Murphy
From The Sacramento Press
The Freemasons of Eureka Lodge No 16 of Auburn attended St Philomene Catholic School in Sacramento on Parents Day and provided FREE Kids ID thumb printing and photo identification for all the children. The lodge also donated free stuffed animal toys for the appreciative students, while parents received an identification sheet that includes space to record child's height, weight, eye, hair color and space for a DNA sample. This sheet will be extremely valuable to authorities if a child ever becomes missing or abducted.
The California Mason's Kids ID Program gives parents the peace of mind that they are prepared for the unthinkable. Each year approximately 725,000 children are reported missing in the United States. Since the Masons started this program, more than 800,000 California children have received this important documentation. Freemasons provide this free service in communities throughout the state.
St. Philomene School serves students from pre-Kindergarten to 8th Grade and boasts a qualified faculty located in Sacramento that is dedicated to develop students spiritually, academically, morally, physically, and emotionally. The vision is for every graduating student to continue to be successful in area high schools and a credit to their community.
Masonry is the world's first and largest fraternal organization. They lead by example, give back to our communities, and support numerous Masonic philanthropies, investing in children, our neighborhoods, and our future. The Masons in Auburn have been serving the community since 1851.
To find how you can have free Kids ID Program at your events, more information can be found on website www.freemason.org.
| Carl Miller
|T. M. Peterson
| Steve York
| John Daut, Sr.
| David Reynolds
|Happy Birthday To
| Kenneth Healy
| John "Corky" Daut
| Everett F. Hoover
| Robert F. Willie
| Herman S. Flanagan
| Richard Ventrca
| Eric Flanagan
| Matt Stokes
Be A Mason
From The National Heritage Museum
"Mister Mason was a Mason and a good one too"
It's fair to say that Freemasonry has been having a bit of a pop culture moment during the past few years. The most recent example, of course, is Dan Brown's latest novel, The Lost Symbol.
But Freemasonry's appearance in popular culture is nothing new. Pictured here is sheet music for the song Be a Mason (And Take It By Degrees) which was published in 1916 (and whose first line is the title of this post). The music is by Albert von Tilzer, who was a well-known Tin Pan Alley composer. You might know him as the man who wrote Take Me Out to the Ballgame.
The song Be A Masonon'swith Freemasonry and puts a funny, even slightly risque, twist on it. Despite the title, the song isn't actually about trying to convince someone to become a Mason or even reminding someone thatshould act more brotherly or fraternal.
Instead, the song plays on the listener's familiarity with the existence of the three "degrees" of Freemasonry: the Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason rituals that everyparticipates in when joining his local lodge. But, in fact,the song has nothing to do with joining a local lodge. Instead, it's a songabout seduction, offering humorous advice on how a young man ought to move slow steps, as he woos a woman:
Be a Mason, take it by degrees.
Be a Mason, and you'll be sure to please
A little bit now, a little bit then
When you want some more, come back again.
The Small Town Texas Masons E-Magazine
Don’t miss reading the monthly Small Town Texas Masons E-Magazine at, http://www.mastermason.com/STTM-Emag/
This Month features the Cross Plains Lodge No. 627, A.F.&A.M.
and A Mexican's Story of San Jacinto.
This Month's Humor
A woman brought a very limp duck into a veterinary surgeon. As she laid her pet on the table, the vet pulled out his stethoscope and listened to the bird's chest.
After a moment or two, the vet shook his head sadly and said, "I'm sorry, your duck, Cuddles, has passed away."
The distressed woman wailed, "Are you sure?"
"Yes, I am sure. The duck is dead," replied the vet.
"How can you be so sure?" she protested. "I mean you haven't done any testing on him or anything. He might just be in a coma or something."
The vet rolled his eyes, turned around and left the room.
He returned a few minutes later with a black Labrador Retriever. As the duck's owner looked on in amazement, the dog stood on his hind legs, put his front paws on the examination table and sniffed the duck from top to bottom. He then looked up at the vet with sad eyes and shook his head.
The vet patted the dog on the head and took it out of the room.
A few minutes later he returned with a cat. The cat jumped on the table and also delicately sniffed the bird from head to foot. The cat sat back on its haunches, shook its head, meowed softly and strolled out of the room.
The vet looked at the woman and said, "I'm sorry, but as I said, this is most definitely, 100% certifiably, a dead duck."
The vet turned to his computer terminal, hit a few keys and produced a bill, which he handed to the woman. The duck's owner, still in shock, took the bill. "$150!" she cried, "$150 just to tell me my duck is dead!"
The vet shrugged, "I'm sorry. If you had just taken my word for it, the bill would have been $20, but with the Lab Report and the Cat Scan, it's now $150."
|The Waller Lodge Electronic Newsletter Subscriber's
Secrets of Masonic Lodge revealed
By Ken Kosky
One problem with being a secret society is that rumors spread about what really goes on behind closed doors.
The Free and Accepted Masons -- known for the square, compass and letter G logo on their windows, signs and jewelry -- shared the truth -- and many secrets -- during a recent tour of their lodge.
Erik Burkhart, outgoing worshipful master of the Dunes Lodge in Portage, granted The Times access to dispel myths and educate the public about Masons. He was joined by Mike Stedman, worshipful master of the Glen Park Lodge in Valparaiso.
| Installation of Officers at Dunes Masonic Lodge #741 in Portage, IN.
"What Masons do is take good men and try to make them better," Stedman said.
"You have to believe in God to be a Mason."
Through the years, members have been accused of devil worship and of physically or mentally hazing new members, but local lodge leaders say such talk is "bogus," "comical" and "gobbledygook."
Burkhart said the time Masons spend together is focused on self improvement, fellowship and doing good in the community. The list of charitable causes -- including financially supporting hospital care, assisted living and help for dyslexia -- is lengthy.
Stedman said the Masons are just like any fraternity -- and secret handshakes, signs and passwords are part of that. Burkhart said the advent of the Internet means there are few secrets (although much of the information online is inaccurate, he says). Still, individual Masons take seriously their oath to protect their secrets.
Burkhart did share the meaning of the Mason's logo. He said the G stands for both geometry and God. The square and compass represent the keeping of men within precise standards of morality and excellence.
In the Dunes Lodge meeting room, which features an altar surrounded by padded benches and special chairs for leaders, there are two stones, a rough one and a smooth one. The stones represent the creating of polished building materials in ancient times and the making of polished men today.
Stedman said he belongs because of "the camaraderie between men and to make yourself a better man."
Stan Mills said belonging to the Dunes Lodge has made him a better man, and he'd like to see others turn away from television and computers to seek knowledge and friendship.
"If they did, it would enlighten their life," Mills said.
| Stan Mills, new worshipful master of Dunes Lodge No. 741 Free and Accepted Masons, was seated last month during the fraternal organization's 50th annual installation of officers at the Masonic Temple in Portage. Mills is serving as lodge leader this year.
The men gather for monthly meetings and to socialize. They also have fraternal rituals and ceremonies.
The list of Masons throughout time includes George Washington, Paul Revere and John Hancock. Today, a person needs only to be a male at least 18 years of age with no felonies. And they must be recommended by an investigative committee of Masons. If accepted, a man must spend about three months undergoing three degrees of education.
Once the education is complete, members can become further active in groups such as the Shriners and York Rite of Freemasonry.
In the past, Masons were not allowed to approach people they thought might make excellent Masons. They had to be approached before sharing information about the Masons. Now, they not only share the Mason message, they recently had open houses in the region -- something they say was a first in this area.
Stedman said television and Internet portrayals of Masons often are inaccurate.
Stedman and Burkhart said the Masons are growing, with 280 members in the Dunes Lodge, 150 in the Glen Park Lodge and, statewide, more than 17,000 men in 420 lodges. The average age of members, which once was 55, is now in the low 40s, Burkhart said.
|The Monthly 'Computers For Masons' Series
Understanding Computers - Part 1 of 5
To understand computers, we must first understand the technical terms so we can understand what we are talking about. So, let's begin by learning some of the common terms and what they mean.
· bit: Claude E. Shannon first used the word bit in a 1948 paper. Shannon's bit is short for binary digit (or possibly binary digit).
· booting or bootstrapping: The term booting or bootstrapping a computer is used to refer to turning on or starting the computer.
· Bug: A fault in a computer program which prevents it from working correctly. The term is often (but erroneously) credited to Grace Hopper. In 1946, she joined the Harvard Faculty at the Computation Laboratory where she traced an error in the Harvard Mark II to a moth trapped in a relay. This bug was carefully removed and taped to the log book.
· byte: The term was coined by Werner Buchholz in 1956 during the early design phase for the IBM Stretch computer. It was coined by mutating the word bite so it would not be accidentally misspelled as bit. A byte usually is a grouping of 8 bits, but technically refers to the smallest addressable unit of memory.
· Cookie : A packet of information that travels between a browser and the web server. The term was coined by web browser programmer Lou Montulli after the term "magic cookies" used by Unix programmers.
· CPU: The letters stand for Central Processing Unit, a term that's been used since computers filled whole rooms. Strictly speaking, the CPU is the chip, or processor, that runs programs — i.e., it's the part that makes things happen. The term has morphed in the PC era to refer to the part of a personal computer that contains most of its components. On a desktop PC, that would be the tower into which your monitor, keyboard, mouse and printer connect.
· Google : Search engine on the web. The name started as an exaggerated boast about the amount of information the search-engine would be able to search. It was originally named 'Googol', a word for the number represented by 1 followed by 100 zeros..
· Hard drive: Also called the hard disk, fixed disk or sometimes just storage. When you install a program on your computer or save a document created with that program, it's where the files are saved. Users often mistakenly refer to the hard drive as memory — it's not.
· Hotmail: free email service, now part of MSN. Founder Jack Smith got the idea of accessing e-mail via the web from a computer anywhere in the world. When Sabeer Bhatia came up with the business plan for the mail service, he tried all kinds of names ending in 'mail' and finally settled for Hotmail as it included the letters "HTML" — the markup language used to write web pages. It was initially referred to as HoTMaiL with selective upper casing.
· ICQ : An instant messaging service. ICQ is not an initialism. It is a play on the phrase "I seek you" (similar to CQ in ham radio usage).
· Apple Macintosh: Mac computer system from Apple Computer. From McIntosh, a popular type of apple. Jef Raskin, a computer scientist, is credited with this naming.
· Memory: Sometimes called Random Access Memory or RAM, memory is where information is held while the processor works with it. For example, when you start your word processor and then open a document, software that makes up the word processor and the words you're writing or changing are held in the computer's memory.
· Modem: Connects you to the Internet, usually through your telephone or cable line. The modem may be connected in turn to a single computer, or to a network by way of a router.
· Motherboard: It's also known as the mainboard. It's the circuit board inside your computer's case that everything else plugs into.
· Mozilla: A web browser and successor to Netscape Communicator.When Marc Andreessen, founder of Netscape, created a browser to replace the Mosaic browser, it was internally named Mozilla (Mosaic-Killer, Godzilla). When Netscape's Navigator source code was made open source, Mozilla was the internal name for the open source version.
· Nerd: A colloquial term for a computer person, especially an obsessive, singularly focused one. Earlier spelling of the term is "Nurd" and the original spelling is "Knurd", but the pronunciation has remained the same.
· Network adapter: Here's the part that connects your computer to a network, or the Internet. It might connect via a cable (usually a technology known as Ethernet) or wirelessly (usually Wi-Fi).
· Radio button: A GUI widget used for making selections.Radio buttons got their name from the preset buttons in radio receivers. When one used to select preset stations on a radio receiver physically instead of electronically, depressing one preset button would pop out whichever other button happened to be pushed in.
· Router: This device acts like a traffic cop for information flowing through a computer network, as well as to and from the Internet. It routes the information to the proper computer on the network, hence the name. A router may support a wired or wireless connection, or both types.
· RSS: Stands for Really Simple Syndication, and it's an easy way to have the content from a Web site come to you when it's updated. You can read RSS feeds in your Web browser; in a Web app, such as Google Reader; or in a software program, such as FeedDemon or NetNewsWire.
· Shareware: Coined by Bob Wallace to describe his word processor PC-Write in early 1983. Prior to this Jim Knopf (also known as Jim Button) and Andrew Fluegelman called their distributed software "user supported software" and "freeware" respectively, but it was Wallace's terminology that stuck.
· Social network: An Internet-based service that lets people find, connect to and interact with each other. This is usually done through a Web browser — Facebook, for example — but a different software program may also be used, such as Tweet Deck, for use with Twitter.
· Spam:Video adapter: Also known as a video card or graphics adapter, this is the part that generates the image you see on your monitor.
· Trojan Horse: A malicious program that is disguised as legitimate software.
· Virus: A piece of program code that spreads by making copies of itself. The term virus was first used in print by Fred Cohen in his 1984 paper "Experiments with Computer Viruses", where he credits Len Adleman with coining it. A computer virus's basic function is to insert its own executable code into that of other existing executable files, literally making it the electronic equivalent to the biological virus, the basic function of which is to insert its genetic information into that of the invaded cell, forcing the cell to reproduce the virus.
· Worm: a self-replicating program, similar to a virus. The name 'worm' was taken from a 1970s science fiction novel by John Brunner entitled The Shockwave Rider. The book describes programs known as "tapeworms" which spread through a network for the purpose of deleting data. Researchers writing an early paper on experiments in distributed computing noted the similarities between their software and the program described by Brunner, and adopted that name.
· Web app: A program that runs in your browser, as opposed to one that is stored on your hard drive and runs on your computer. For example, Google's Gmail is considered a Web app; Microsoft's Outlook is a program that runs on your computer.
· Web browser: A Web browser — such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, Safari or Opera — is software that lets you view pages on the Web. It can also view other parts of the Internet, such as FTP sites (for downloading and uploading files).
· World Wide Web: The Web is a collection of documents, contained in computers on the Internet, that can display text, pictures, video and play audio. The Web is not the Internet, but rather a subset of it.
· WYSIWYG: Describes a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. Acronym for What You See Is What You Get, the phrase was originated by a newsletter published by Arlene and Jose Ramos, called WYSIWYG. It was created for the emerging Pre-Press industry going electronic in the late 1970s.
· Yahoo! : internet portal and web directory.
Yahoo!'s history site says the name is an acronym for "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle", but some remember that in its early days (mid-1990s), when Yahoo! lived on a server called akebono.stanford.edu, it was glossed as "Yet Another Hierarchical Object Organizer." The word "Yahoo!" was originally invented by Jonathan Swift and used in his book Gulliver's Travels. It represents a person who is repulsive in appearance and action and is barely human. Yahoo! founders Jerry Yang and David Filo selected the name because they considered themselves yahoos.
· Zip : A file format now also used as a verb to mean compress
Now that you know what things are called, next month we will start seeing how all these parts interact, to make a computer work.
Remember 1909 - A Hundred Years Ago
The average life expectancy was 47 years.
More than 95 percent of all births took place at home.
Ninety percent of all doctors had no college education!
Instead, they attended so-called medical schools, many of which were condemned in the press and the government as 'substandard. '
The five leading causes of death were:
1. Pneumonia and influenza
4. Heart disease
Marijuana, heroin, codine and morphine were all available over the counter at the local corner drugstores.
Back then pharmacists said, 'Heroin clears the complexion, gives buoyancy to the mind, regulates the stomach and bowels and is, in fact, a perfect guardian of health'.
Only 14 percent of the homes had a bathtub.
Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone.
Most women only washed their hair once a month and used Borax or egg yolks for shampoo.
There were only 8,000 cars and only 144 miles of paved roads.
The maximum speed limit in most cities was 10 mph.
Fuel for the car was sold in drug stores only
The average wage in 1909 was 22 cents per hour.
The average worker made between $200 and $400 per year.
A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year, a dentist $2,500 per year, a veterinarian between $1,500 and $4,000 per year and a mechanical engineer about $5,000 per year.
Two out of every 10 adults couldn't read or write and
Only 6 percent of all Americans had graduated from high school.
Sugar cost four cents a pound.
Eggs were fourteen cents a dozen.
Coffee was fifteen cents a pound.
Canada passed a law that prohibited poor people from entering into their country for any reason.
The American flag had 45 stars.
The population of Las Vegas, Nevada, was only 30.
The tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower!
Eighteen percent of households had at least one full-time servant or domestic help.
There were about 230 reported murders in the entire U.S.A.!
Crossword puzzles, canned beer, and iced tea hadn't been invented yet.
Neither had Band Aids, torn up rags were used for bandaging.
There was no tape. Things were tied with ribbons, rags or twine.
Glue was a mixture of flour and water mixed into a goo and it worked.
There was no toilet paper. They used leaves, small twigs rolled like a Q-tip, corn cobs or printed paper like a sales catalog, or washed out rags and hung them in the sun for that purpose.
There was no Mother's Day or Father's Day.
Try to imagine what the changes will be like in the next 100 years.
IT STAGGERS THE MIND
A Little Military Humor
Budget Cuts Reduce Air Force's Efficiency.
Sinner Who Saved Nation's Homeless 'Saint'
By JENNIE CURTIN
FromThe Sydney Morning Herald
|Mary MacKillop, 1869
Born 15 January 1842
AS MARY MACKILLOP'S devotees await the expected final stamp of approval for her canonization in Rome today, a little-known fact about her excommunication from the church has emerged.
The man who proved to be MacKillop's saviour in her hour of need - offering free accommodation to her and other nuns when they were ordered out of their convent - was a Jewish ex-convict who had moved to South Australia after serving time in NSW for house-breaking.
The man, Emanuel Solomon, was also instrumental in the young colony in establishing Freemasonry. There is a long history of antagonism between that movement and the Catholic Church.
Yesterday, one of Solomon's great-great-grandsons, John Johnston from Blackheath, said the decision to offer the nuns two of his properties was in character for his ancestor.
''The driving force with him was charity,'' Mr. Johnston said. ''He was a man who spent his money and he set up so many charitable things in his time … Perhaps he was making up for past misdemeanors.''
He said the ''great irony of the story'' was the man who helped the Catholic nun was a leading member of the Australian Jewish community and a prime mover in setting up Freemasonry.
Mr. Solomon was born in London in 1800 and was sentenced to seven years' transportation to NSW in 1817.
Records show he was hardly a model prisoner and was flogged at least three times, including one set of 50 lashes for having an iron pick in his possession.
When he was finally freed, he set up a business with his brother, Vaiban, who had also been transported for theft.
Eventually, Emanuel moved to South Australia where he and Vaiban enjoyed considerable success shipping goods between the two colonies.
Mr Solomon achieved prominence in South Australia, setting up the first purpose-built theatre on the mainland, and serving in both the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. But the state, which had never accepted convicts directly from England, did not offer emancipists a warm welcome.
Mr. Solomon overcame the problem by simply never mentioning his background.
Mr. Johnston said Mr. Solomon had also helped the nuns with housing in 1869, two years before the excommunication.
The act of kindness was referred to by MacKillop herself, archives of the Sisters of St Joseph reveal.
''The convent being too small for so many, a house in Rosetta Terrace was kindly lent … by the Hon. E. Solomon,'' she wrote.
''The kindness shown by the Jewish community has been remarkable, but then St Joseph was a Jew.''
Democracy In Lodge
|Here are some of the "funnies" our grandparents enjoyed.
From the Old Tiler's Talk - by Carl H. Claudy, The Temple Publishers
"Before I became a Mason," announced the New Brother, "I was under the impression it was an institution of the greatest democracy. I have gathered the idea that it was simple, unassuming; that it inculcated the principles of our government and that in it all men were equal. I am very fond of my lodge and the fellows, but I have been disappointed in that respect."
"Why, son, do you find Masonry undemocratic?" inquired the Old Tiler. "I have heard Masonry called a lot of funny names, but never that!"
"Why, yes, I do!" answered the New Brother. "Seems to me we have a lot of unwritten laws and customs which are autocratic."
"You might mention a few. I am not too old to learn!" answered the Old Tiler. "This is evidently going to be good!" he finished.
"Take this idea of not passing between the Altar and the East," began the New Brother. "It's a free country, yet here is a restriction without rhyme or reason. We salute the Master. He's just a Mason like the rest of us. We have put him into power. He is our servant, although he has the title of Master. Take the custom of the officers retiring in favor of the Grand Officers when they visit; why should we give up our authority and our seats to others no better men than we are?"
"Is that all?" asked the Old Tiler.
"Oh, there are a few more, but those will do. Explain to me where the democracy is in them!"
"When you go to church," countered the Old Tiler, "do you keep your hat on? Does your wife keep her hat on?"
"Of course she does and I don't," responded the New Brother.
"I take my hat off as a mark of respect to the House of God, of course. She keeps hers on because...well, er...Oh, it's the custom!"
"It's a free country," responded the Old Tiler. "The minister is just a man like the rest of us. Why not wear your hat? Why not have your wife take hers off?"
"But I don't take my hat off to the minister, but to God!" was the puzzled answer.
"And your wife keeps hers on because it is the custom for women to remain covered in church," responded the Old Tiler. "In lodge you don't fail to salute the Master because it is the custom, and because you are saluting, not the man who happens to be in the East by the votes of the lodge, but the exulted station he occupies. You pay respect to religion when you remove your hat in a church."
"How about passing between Altar and East?" asked the New Brother.
"That pretty custom is founded on a very happy idea," explained the Old Tiler. "The Altar is the foundation seat of Masonic light and wisdom. Upon it lie the Great Lights of Masonry. Before it rests the charter by means of which a continuously unobstructed view of the source of all Masonic wisdom, so that the lodge may never be without a direct connection with the Great Lights. It is the custom to leave the charter always in his sight, that by no chance may he fail to be responsible for its safekeeping. Nothing happens to a brother who passes between the Altar and the East any more than would happen to a man who walked up the aisle of the church and perambulated about the lectern. But it wouldn't be polite, or respectful, or in keeping with the custom. Your respect is paid to religion or Masonry, not necessarily to the men who expound either."
"But I still don't see why a sovereign lodge must abdicate authority for any old Deputy Grand Master who comes along!"
"Then you are very obtuse!" answered the Old Tiler.
"The Deputy Grand Master represents the Grand Master, the supreme Masonic head. In him is, theoretically, all Masonic wisdom. Why should a Master not offer his gavel to such knowledge? He merely says, in effect, 'you know more than I do; your years of service and experience in the craft entitle you to supreme authority. I have less knowledge, therefore am less fit to preside than you. You have more power and authority than I, therefore I offer you its symbol while you are with us.' But note the Master says this to the *position*, not the *man*. Grand Masters do *not* always know all there is to know any more than kings or presidents do. But we pay that sovereign respect to the office they hold, while it is held by them, because of the office."
"My brother, democracy does not mean bolshevism! It does not mean socialism. It means democracy, in which men are created equal, have equal opportunity, but reverence to the power they give to those to whom they give it. The United States is a republic founded on the principles of democracy, and we are proud of our freedom and our independence, yet we remove our hats to our President and governors, and pay respect to our courts and our lawgivers, even though they be but men like ourselves. So it is in Masonry...a simple and unassuming democracy of brotherhood, in which no man loses his independence because he pays respect to authority."
"Well, of course, you are right, and I am wrong, as usual. It wasn't so good, after all, was it?"
"Not so good!" responded the Old Tiler. "But Masonic youth, like any other kind, can be forgiven much if only it is willing to learn."
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